5 Facts About Sperm & Fertility

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When it comes to fertility, sperm plays a crucial role in the process of conception. Understanding the basics of sperm can help individuals and couples better comprehend fertility issues and take appropriate steps to maximise their chances of conception. Here are five important facts about sperm and its impact on fertility.

1. Sperm Lifespan

Sperm cells have a limited lifespan outside of the body. Once ejaculated, sperm can survive in the female reproductive tract for up to five days. This extended lifespan allows for more flexibility in timing intercourse to optimise the chances of conception. However, it's important to note that sperm quality gradually decreases over time, and the highest chance of fertilisation occurs within the first two to three days after intercourse.

2. Sperm Count

The quantity of sperm present in a man's ejaculate, known as sperm count, is a vital factor in fertility. A healthy sperm count typically ranges from 15 to 200 million sperm cells per millilitre of semen. Lower sperm counts can reduce the chances of fertilising an egg, making conception more challenging. If a couple is experiencing difficulties conceiving, consulting with a healthcare professional for a sperm analysis is advisable.

3. Sperm Motility

Sperm motility refers to the ability of sperm cells to move and swim towards the egg. This factor is crucial for successful fertilisation. Healthy sperm should exhibit progressive motility, meaning they move in a forward direction, as well as have good speed and agility. Diminished sperm motility can hinder the sperm's ability to reach and penetrate the egg, leading to infertility issues. Various factors, such as lifestyle choices and underlying medical conditions, can impact sperm motility.

4. Sperm Morphology

Sperm morphology refers to the size and shape of sperm cells. Normal sperm cells have a characteristic shape with an oval head and a long tail. Abnormalities in sperm morphology, such as misshapen heads or tails, can affect their ability to fertilise an egg. A semen analysis can determine the percentage of sperm with normal morphology, with a higher percentage being associated with better fertility potential.

5. Factors Affecting Sperm Health

Several factors can influence the health and quality of sperm. Lifestyle choices, such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, poor diet, and sedentary habits, can negatively impact sperm production and function.

Additionally, certain medical conditions like obesity, hormonal imbalances, sexually transmitted infections, and exposure to environmental toxins can affect sperm quality. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, managing stress levels, and avoiding harmful substances can help improve sperm health and increase fertility.

Understanding these five facts about sperm and fertility provides valuable insights into the conception process. When it comes to supporting your sperm health, there are a number of things you can do to support it. Tap here to learn more.

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