Fertility Drugs for Women: A Starter Guide

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Embarking on a fertility journey is a significant step, and understanding the various fertility drugs available is crucial. Below is an outline of commonly prescribed fertility drugs for women to help you navigate your way with confidence.

Clomifene Citrate (Clomid)

Clomifene Citrate, commonly known as Clomid, is often one of the first drugs recommended. It aids in stimulating ovulation in women who have infrequent or absent ovulation cycles.

  • How it works: Clomid triggers the release of hormones needed for ovulation to occur.
  • Usage: It's generally taken by mouth, starting on the second or third day of the menstrual cycle.
  • Side Effects: Possible side effects include mood swings, hot flashes, and ovarian cysts.


Metformin is typically used for women with PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) who may also be insulin resistant. It can improve the efficacy of fertility treatments.

  • How it works: Metformin increases the sensitivity of muscle cells to insulin and decreases liver glucose production.
  • Usage: This drug is taken orally with meals.
  • Side Effects: Some women might experience digestive issues, such as nausea or diarrhoea.


Gonadotrophins are powerful fertility drugs that should be used under strict medical supervision. They are typically employed when other medications have been ineffective.

  • How they work: These drugs directly stimulate the ovaries to produce eggs.
  • Usage: Administered through injections.
  • Side Effects: Potential side effects include swollen ovaries and mild to moderate abdominal pain.

Bromocriptine and Cabergoline

Both drugs are employed when a woman produces too much prolactin, a hormone that can inhibit ovulation.

  • How they work: They reduce the amount of prolactin produced by the pituitary gland.
  • Usage: Available in oral form or as a vaginal suppository.
  • Side Effects: Nausea, headache, and dizziness are common side effects.

Antioxidants and Vitamins

Antioxidants and vitamins are not drugs. They do not require a prescription, because they are supplements.

Supplementing your diet with antioxidants and vitamins can improve your fertility. Though they are not drugs, they play a vital role in preparing your body for pregnancy.

  • Vitamin D: Essential for reproductive health.
  • CoQ10: Improves egg quality and overall fertility.
  • Inositol: Plays a significant role in various processes associated with reproduction including gametes development, ooctye maturation, reproduction and foetal development
  • Fertility friendly bacteria: Fertility specific bacteria are formulated to achieve a balanced endometrial-vaginal microbiota and prepare the optimal environment for preconception. 
  • NAC: A powerful antioxidant to help to protect and support the health of eggs and the endometrium (uterine lining), both essential elements for successful conception and pregnancy.
  • Folate: Critical for preventing neural tube defects in the baby.
  • Preconception multivitamins: A premium multi-vitamin and multi-mineral women’s fertility supplement supports female fertility, redresses nutritional imbalances and prepares the body for conception.

Starting on your fertility journey can be overwhelming, but understanding the available fertility drugs and supplements can offer empowerment and confidence. Always consult with a healthcare provider for personalised medical advice.

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